Make Room For Norway: Germany's Top Natural Gas Supplier
Norway is using its still prodigious natural gas reserves and extensive natural gas pipeline system to help Germany through its present supply difficulties.
The Nordic country supplied 33 percent of Germany’s gas needs in 2022, making it the country’s largest supplier, well ahead of Russia. And it is noteworthy that Norway’s position as a key provider of energy to Germany is set to further increase in the years to come, including from new Arctic fields coming on line and new discoveries above the Arctic Circle.
German Chancellor Olaf Scholz, who was visiting Oslo for the Nordic Summit on 16 August 2022, declared, in reference to Norway's gas deliveries to Germany, that Norway was a country upon which Germany can rely." Norwegian Prime Minister Jonas Gahr Støre said his country is tweaking production sites to deliver as much gas to Germany as technically possible adding "it is not so that we can simply politically decide now we are going to deliver more."
Most of Norway's gas exports are shipped via Europipe 2, a 642 km offshore pipeline originating at the Kårstø processing plant north of Stavanger. The diameter of pipeline is 1,100 millimetres (42 in) and the capacity is 24 billion cubic metres (850 billion cubic feet) of natural gas per year. Most of the gas is supplied from Equinor's Åsgard, Sleipner East/West, Gullfaks and Statfjord fields.
The pipeline is operated by Gassco, the technical service provider is Equinor. It was built with an option to branch out to a separate pipeline to Denmark. A pipeline end manifold was installed in April 2022 for the Baltic Pipe to Poland.