Mark Iden

Latest posts

Pipelines between Russia and Europe (© Shutterstock/vchal)
Pipelines between Russia and Europe (© Shutterstock/vchal)

[Opinion] The Seeds Of European Reliance On Russian Gas And Pipelines

More than four decades ago the CIA warned in a memorandum to then President Ronald Reagan that "the 5,633-km gas pipeline from Siberia to Germany is a direct threat to the future of Western Europe, it said, creating 'serious repercussions' from a dangerous reliance on Russian fuel."

OGE headquarters in Essen, Germany (© Open Grid Europe)
OGE headquarters in Essen, Germany (© Open Grid Europe)

OGE To Build A Pipeline Transportation Network For CO2 In Germany

Germany's largest pipeline operator, Open Grid Europe (OGE), managing over 12 000-km of natural gas pipelines throughout Germany, is planning even more with the construction of a 1000-km pipeline network for Carbon Dioxide (CO2) for the eventual transport of up to 18 million tons per year of the greenhouse gas from German industrial centers to North Sea ports.

Sign on the office building of the NaftoGaz Group in Kyiv (© Shutterstock/Ksenia Lada)
Sign on the office building of the NaftoGaz Group in Kyiv (© Shutterstock/Ksenia Lada)

Russian Natural Gas Still Flowing Through The Ukraine to Europe

As war continues to rage in the Ukraine, Naftogaz, the state energy company responsible for operating the country's network of 38,550-km of gas pipelines, works around the clock to service 12 million households in the Ukraine as well as myriad customers in the European Union.

Total head office in Paris, France (© Shutterstock/HJBC)
Total head office in Paris, France (© Shutterstock/HJBC)

Total Seeking A Way Out From Taking Russian Oil Via The Druschba Pipeline

Russian President Vladimir Putin's War of Aggression in the Ukraine has driven the oil and gas industry to rethink its relationship with the hydrocarbon - rich Russian Federation. The Druschba Oil pipeline has been central to that relationship.

Reichstag building, seat of the German Parliament (Deutscher Bundestag), in Berlin (© Shutterstock/MDart10)
Reichstag building, seat of the German Parliament (Deutscher Bundestag), in Berlin (© Shutterstock/MDart10)

German Government Mandating Natural Gas Storage Fill Levels Be Sufficiently High

In the wake of the 2022 winter which saw the gas storage fill levels sink to historic lows, the German Bundestag met over the weekend to affirm that the gas storage operators are required to fill storage facilities up to 90 percent of capacity by 1 November of each year.  To this end the Bundestag passed a corresponding law.  

Flags of Germany and Norway (© Shutterstock/ruskpp)
Flags of Germany and Norway (© Shutterstock/ruskpp)

Germany and Norway Agree To A Feasibility Study On Building A Hydrogen Pipeline

Germany's Economy and Climate Minister Robert Habeck visited Norway earlier this month to discuss how Germany and Norway could work together to develop a hydrogen pipeline link between the two countries.  

H₂ercules Planning Map (© OGE/RWE)
H₂ercules Planning Map (© OGE/RWE)

OGE And RWE Building The Foundation For Germany's First Hydrogen Fast Track: H2ercules

Open Grid Europe (OGE) and Rheinisch-Westfälisches Elektrizitätswerk Aktiengesellschaft (RWE), German powerhouses in the transmission and production of energy respectively, are teaming up to lead Germany and the rest of Europe (if not the world) in the development of a new hydrogen industry and infrastructure dubbed H2ercules.

Flag of Germany (© Shutterstock/Carsten Reisinger)
Flag of Germany (© Shutterstock/Carsten Reisinger)

Germany Contemplates Biogas Rather Than Russian Natural Gas

Is it possible to replace around half of natural gas imports from Russia with Biogas from Germany, and thereby dramatically reduce Germany's dependency on Russian energy?  

This is the question resonating around Germany and other European countries nowadays, as Vladimir Putin's Russia continues its War of Aggression on the Ukraine.  

Nord stream 2 shut down (© Shutterstock/mmaroznaya)
Nord stream 2 shut down (© Shutterstock/mmaroznaya)

[Opinion] Europe Without Nord Stream 2

A few months ago, around the time that the final pipeline segments were put down into the Baltic to complete construction of the 1200-km Nord Stream 2, we wrote on these pages that Nord Stream 2 was experiencing a painful and difficult birth.  Fast forward to today and the threatening massive ground war in the Ukraine and possibly other countries in Europe since 1945, we've entered a different