The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIS or ISIL) has claimed responsibility for attacking a gas pipeline in the Sinai this past Sunday. The insurgents were attempting (unsuccessfully) to disrupt the transmission of gas between Egypt and Israel.
The pipeline, owned by the East Mediterranean Gas Company (EMG), includes a subsea connection between El Arish in Sinai and Ashkelon in Israel.
The pipeline carries gas to homes and factories in el-Arish and central Sinai and has been attacked several times before. Indeed, over the past decade ISIS has carried out numerous raids on pipeline infrastructure throughout the Sinai, fired rockets at Israel, attacked Egyptian security forces.
In 2014, the estimated 1000 insurgents pledged allegiance to Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, the then leader of Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), and adopted the name Sinai Province (Wilayah Sīnāʼ) claiming to be a branch of ISIL. Although weakend, ISIL continues to be a major concern to regional commerce and is responsible for the deterioration of security throughout the Sinai.