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 ILF Consulting Engineers Austria & TANAP
ILF Consulting Engineers Austria & TANAP
The TANAP route runs 92 km through one of the world´s largest gypsum karst terrains, covering an area of 2140km² (Günay 2002; Doğan & Yeşilyurt 2019) located in the Turkish Province of Sivas. A fantastic place for the geologist but a big challenge for the routing and construction of a pipeline. Based on the morphology a karst classification,…
Herrenknecht AG
Herrenknecht AG
For the gas supply in Europe, a reliable pipeline network has the highest priority. Besides the construction of the main supply routes, the fast and safe installation of the regional country-specific distribution networks play a key role. Different points of view of all involved parties have to be considered when it comes to the planning of…
Editorial 2-2021
Editorial 2-2021
When people from other industries ask us about the most important activities in pipelines, we usually mention three areas. The first is Operational Risk Management, the second is Pipeline Integrity, and the third is Instrumentation and Process Control. The first is justified by being the one that tells us whether we can operate a pipeline or not;…
Saudi Aramco
Saudi Aramco
Pipelines are an important part of the Oil and Gas Industry, as they are the most economical method to transport different products through long distances to various consumers. These pipelines are cleaned an d inspected — without interrupting their operations — using utility scrapers and smart instrument scrapers, respectively. To track the…
PETRONAS
PETRONAS
In PETRONAS, there are on-going initiatives at petrochemical plants, gas processing plants, Upstream’s well engineering and retail business in pursuing the digitilisation in line with the Industrial Revolution (IR) 4. The aim of the initiatives is basically to improve the efficiency of critica l processes thus at the end will reduce overall cost…
Fibersonics Inc
Fibersonics Inc
The Oil & Gas pipeline industry is facing a very serious challenge in assuring spill and accident-free operations of pipeline infrastructure, which is distributed across many thousands of miles in both remote and populated areas. In recent years, however, the occurrences of high-profile spil ls and incidents have spiked, further escalating the…
SolAres
SolAres
The vibroacoustic system (e-vpms®) was designed by Eni S.p.A to detect and accurately localize spillages/leakages in crude oil and finite product pipelines, although has shown over the years the capability of detecting a wide class of Third Party Interferences phenomena. The reason of this high sensitivity is ascribable to the physical-acoustic…
Hifi Engineering
Hifi Engineering
Distributed fiber optic sensing has been gaining significant momentum in pipeline industry adoption. The primary application of this technology has been in preventative leak detection, but intelligent new applications such as pipeline flow rate monitoring are now emerging and promise to deliver extra value to the pipeline operators. We present a…
AP Sensing
AP Sensing
Distributed Fiber Optic Sensing (DFOS) has expanded current pipeline leak detection technologies (LDS), providing a significant set of new capabilities. This paper briefly reviews the main types of DFOS technologies used for pipeline monitoring. There are different types of Distributed Acoustic Sensing (DAS) and Distributed Temperature Sensing (…
Atmos International
Atmos International
Atmos International (Atmos) is continuously working with the pipeline industry to develop solutions to overcome operational challenges. Atmos Simulation (SIM) Suite is an operational tool that users can trust to help operators run their pipelines safely, efficiently and with clarity and visibili ty. Atmos SIM Online, working in real-time,…
Editorial 1-2021
Editorial 1-2021
As we are observing the world rebound from a pandemic that has profoundly impacted almost every facet of life, it is quite obvious that what looks like a unique lifetime experience has left us knowing more about ourselves as individuals, members of communities, industry and the international community. I am saying this knowing that the economic…
Application of Pipeline QRA Methodologies to Hydrogen Pipelines in Support of the Transition to a Decarbonised Future
Application of Pipeline QRA Methodologies to Hydrogen Pipelines in Support of the Transition to a Decarbonised Future
Hydrogen is expected to play a key role in the decarbonised future of energy. For hydrogen distribution, pipelines are seen the main method for mass transport of hydrogen gas. To support the evaluation of risk related to hydrogen pipelines, a revised QRA methodology is presented based on currently available and industry accepted guidance related…
Ductile fracture propagation control in modern high strength steel pipeline for transportation of high pressure natural gas with H2 and CO2 contents: arrest requirements evaluation by numerical tool and full-scale testing verification
Ductile fracture propagation control in modern high strength steel pipeline for transportation of high pressure natural gas with H2 and CO2 contents: arrest requirements evaluation by numerical tool and full-scale testing verification
One of the most severe accidents which could occur in a gas transmission pipeline involves the linepipe wall failure and subsequent fracture initiation, which may evolve in a long running fracture propagation if the material toughness properties are not adequate. The most acknowledged approach for ductile fracture propagation assessment is the…
Opportunities to Access the Benefits of High-Frequency Welded (HFW) Pipes for a Wider Scope of Oil and Gas Industry Applications
Opportunities to Access the Benefits of High-Frequency Welded (HFW) Pipes for a Wider Scope of Oil and Gas Industry Applications
In recent years, many papers have been published describing the advantages and disadvantages of the high-frequency welded (HFW) and seamless (SMLS) carbon and low-alloy steel (LAS) pipe manufacturing processes for the oil and gas industry. However, there are few published papers that compare these different manufacturing processes in a way that…
Qualification of High-Strength Linepipes for Hydrogen Transportation based on ASME B31.12 Code
Qualification of High-Strength Linepipes for Hydrogen Transportation based on ASME B31.12 Code
A number of CPW manufactured HFW and SAWL pipes were tested for fracture toughness properties in high pressure 100% hydrogen environment. All tests were performed in RINA laboratory, following a developed test procedure based on code ASME B31.12 Option B (qualification of the material threshold stress intensity factor KIH). Testing involved API 5L…
Editorial 6-2020
Editorial 6-2020
Dear readers, The year 2020 has been unprecedent due to the Covid-19-Pandemic, which has sadly resulted in the millions of deaths and infections. It has also transformed our society both positively and negatively. The restrictions imposed on us restricted our movement but have produced innovations that enabled us to adopt new practices for life…
Application of Distributed Fiber Optic Sensing for Pipeline Integrity and Security
Application of Distributed Fiber Optic Sensing for Pipeline Integrity and Security
Even the smallest leak can have devastating consequences. The protection and monitoring of pipeline infrastructure is critical to the continued performance of the pipeline. Loss of integrity, through accidents or malicious activity, can have a significant impact on the environment, on reputations and on finances. Distributed Fiber Optic Sensing is…
BIL enquiry portal contributes German pipeline safety
BIL enquiry portal contributes German pipeline safety
A highly developed society naturally believes that it has elimi nated its risks. Insurances, traffic information, social systems, legislation, and finally all kinds of regulations weigh us down in a cor set of security of our own actions, which can hardly lead to negative consequences. Infrastructure and pipeline security is a valuable asset, on…
Real-Time Networks: Gas Data, Demand and Network Modelling
Real-Time Networks: Gas Data, Demand and Network Modelling
The gas industry in Great Britain has experienced fundamental change over the last 20 years and is continuing to change rapidly. There has been a reduction in indigenous supply, with an acceleration in the connection of new unconventional sources through biomethane supplies and the potential for hydrogen blending in the future. These changes are…
Versatile technology for Leak Detection, Third Party Interference and Integrity Assessment applications: Vibroacoustics
Versatile technology for Leak Detection, Third Party Interference and Integrity Assessment applications: Vibroacoustics
Leak detection, TPI (Third Party Interference) and asset integrity are crucial topics in pipeline monitoring, although they often require costly procedures and systems. In order to support the pipeline integrity management, Eni S.p.A, in collaboration with Solares JV, developed the e-vpms® (Eni Vibro-acoustic Pipeline Monitoring System). This…
Editorial 5-2020
Editorial 5-2020
Dear readers, You’ll certainly be familiar with this: you’re talking to friends, chatting about everything from your private life to your work life, and everyone is talking about their experiences of their workplace from their own perspective: What characterises it, what has changed and what has not? I usually try to answer the question with an…
Advanced Corrosion Growth Modeling In Pipelines For Repair Optimization
Advanced Corrosion Growth Modeling In Pipelines For Repair Optimization
Saudi Aramco operates a massive network to enable its position as world leading hydrocarbon producer, approximately 371 downstream cross-country pipelines with 446-sections, totaling 23,878 kilometers as at January 2020. Typical pipelines range in diameter from 4-inches to 56-inches, the average length of the pipelines ranges from less than one…
Detecting Illegal Tappings – A Research Case Study
Detecting Illegal Tappings – A Research Case Study
Illegal hot tapping and product theft is a problem for pipeline operators all over the world. As criminals use a wide range of different instal lations and are in many cases able to adopt t heir ways of siphoning and stealing to the pipeline conditions a research project had been started by GLD, together with another service company and two…
Leak & Theft Detection Strategies: Integrating Established And Innovative Technologies
Leak & Theft Detection Strategies: Integrating Established And Innovative Technologies
Pipeline leak and theft detection can be done through various technologies. There is no si ngle best method as each pipeline is different and ideally, it is best to integrate several different methods within any detection system. Two of the most popular and established methods are flow balance and negative pressure wave, however, both have their…
Novel Classification Of Leak Detection And Third-Party Intrusion Enabling Best-In-Class False Alarm Rate
Novel Classification Of Leak Detection And Third-Party Intrusion Enabling Best-In-Class False Alarm Rate
We demonstrate PrismaFlowTM’s best in class events det ection and classification capabilities accompanied by negligible False Alarm Rate (FAR). A 35 km long pre-depl oyed optical cable inside a conduit was used as the sensor. Originally deployed for communication purposes, the optical cable, running along the infrastructure, was placed along…