Offshore

Safely repairing subsea flanges on flexible flowlines with a flexible bridging jumper structure

Safely repairing subsea flanges on flexible flowlines with a flexible bridging jumper structure
Safely repairing subsea flanges on flexible flowlines with a flexible bridging jumper structure
As offshore pipelines age, the oil and gas industry must properly maintain equipment to prevent leaks. In subsea flowlines, leaks sometimes originate from aging flanges. These flanges must be replaced. Historically, replacing the flange has required a lot of time. Different costly approaches are available, from subsea reparations to flowline...

Lessons Learned on 20 years of challenges to internal corrosion protection of subsea pipelines-corrosion inhibitor or pH stabilization?

Lessons Learned on 20 years of challenges to internal corrosion protection of subsea pipelines-corrosion inhibitor or pH stabilization?
Lessons Learned on 20 years of challenges to internal corrosion protection of subsea pipelines-corrosion inhibitor or pH stabilization?
The three phase fluid of the massive South Pars reservoir under the Persian Gulf, is transmitted 100Km to onshore facilities via numerous 32” API 5L pipelines. The wet sour fluid cont ains 0.5 mol% of H2S and 1.7 mol% of CO2 which forms a hostile environment to carbon steel. Hence, as per form er laboratory researches at design stag e in about 20...

Quantitative Pipeline Risk Assessment (QPiRATM) Fire and Dispersion Analysis of a Subsea Gas Pipeline Leak Using Empirical Consequence Modelling

Quantitative Pipeline Risk Assessment (QPiRATM) Fire and Dispersion Analysis of a Subsea Gas Pipeline Leak Using Empirical Consequence Modelling
Quantitative Pipeline Risk Assessment (QPiRATM) Fire and Dispersion Analysis of a Subsea Gas Pipeline Leak Using Empirical Consequence Modelling
A subsea pipeline transporting gas in Malaysia has a smal l leak at its subsea flange at 70m water depth, located 140m away from the processing platform. The flange has undergone three rectification works; however, the repair works were unsuccessful to achieve zero leak. A Quant itative Pipeline Risk Assessment (QPiRATM) fire and dispersion...

North Sea Wintershall Dea Case Study

North Sea Wintershall Dea Case Study
North Sea Wintershall Dea Case Study
Mittelplate is the largest oil field in Germany, located in the environmental ly sensitive Wadden Sea of the German State Schleswig-Holstein. An artificial Drilling and Production Island, named “Mitt elplate A” (MPA), was build early 1980`s on a tidal shoal and is operated by Wintershall Dea. In 2005, a 10 km, 10” stainless steel (1.4462 Duplex) p...

Cost-Effective Approach for Isolating/Decommissioning Offshore Sour Gas Pipelines

IPEC & Pipeline and Process Services
IPEC & Pipeline and Process Services
Safety is a crucial issue in operational activities. When performing a hot work operation on a live pipeline, it is very important to isolate the pipeline to prevent any dangerous event. In this paper, a newly and innovatively designed approach has been presented which has been used to isolate a 32” and an 18” offshore and infield pipelines from...

Deep Water ILI Tool Development and 5 Years Operational Experience

Total Exploration & Production & 3P Services
Total Exploration & Production & 3P Services
The paper describes development of In-Line Inspection (ILI) tools and equipment for deployment in 500+m water depth offshore oil production pipelines. Various design challenges were posed by the operational conditions and the pipeline operator. A joint development project is described in which 3P Services and Total E&P define the necessary tool...