Denmark and Germany to Build Hydrogen Pipeline by 2028, Boosting Green Energy Exports
Denmark and Germany have agreed to build a hydrogen pipeline between the two countries, which is expected to be operational by 2028. The pipeline is expected to help Denmark achieve its target of producing 20 TWh of hydrogen from 4-6 GW of electrolyser capacities by 2030, while also catering to Germany's anticipated demand for 90 TWh of hydrogen by the same year. The agreement will enable Denmark to export its excess hydrogen production to countries like Belgium, Germany, and the Netherlands, which have already expressed interest in importing green hydrogen as part of their green transition plans.
The pipeline is a much-needed infrastructure project that will allow the industry to make investment decisions on Power-to-X (PtX) projects in Denmark with confidence, said Tejs Laustsen Jensen, Director of the Hydrogen Industry. Copenhagen Infrastructure Partners (CIP), for instance, called it a milestone for its 1 GW PtX project called Høst, currently under construction in Esbjerg. CIP believes that the pipeline, combined with hydrogen production at sea, can provide a long-term export potential of up to DKK 100 billion annually.
Germany's Vice-Chancellor, Robert Habeck, said that the two countries would apply for EU funding, like the "Connecting Europe Facility," and work together on national and EU hydrogen legislation to ensure that the project is not stymied accidentally. The length of the pipeline and the amount of hydrogen that it will transport is currently unclear. However, the pipeline is expected to eventually cross the German-Danish border on land, near the town of Flensburg, and may lead to the industrial clusters of Kiel and Hamburg.